What causes macular degeneration of the eye? Age as well as a family history of the disease is the top causes that doctors have identified.
Macular degeneration affects the retina within your eye. It attacks and deteriorates receptors and nerves that communicate with the optic nerve at the back of your eye. The macula is the part of the eye that we use to see color and also to read books.
The disease affects the vision directly before you or what most people refer to as the near sight. Besides age and a family history of the disease, doctors have identified some other causes of macular degeneration of the eye that you should be aware of as well.
However, they also state that many people do not even know that they have macular degeneration until symptoms start to appear.
People with fair skin or lightly pigmented skin are susceptible to macular degeneration as well as people who have light colored irises.
Doctors are still researching macular degeneration but state that it occurs more in women then men.
There are 2 forms of macular degeneration. The first is atrophic, which causes little white dots to appear within the eye. This form of macular degeneration develops slowly and typically does not become a problem until you’re over 50 years old.
The 2nd form of macular degeneration is called neovascular. Instead of white dots, abnormal blood vessels start growing within the eye that leak blood. This causes extreme damage to your retina. Left untreated, this form of macular degeneration can cause blindness very quickly.
Symptoms include blind spots, blurred vision, color perception problems–red may look pink–or things may appear bigger or smaller than their normal size.
Now that you know what causes macular degeneration of the eye, if you have any of these symptoms make an appointment with an eye doctor and have them check your eyes for macular degeneration.
Doctors say that people with these symptoms often dismiss them which allows a case of undetected macular degeneration to do more damage to the retina.